ESG and Climate-related Risk

In recent years, there has been a growing focus on ESG (Environmental, Social, and Governance) issues, as companies and investors alike recognize the importance of responsible and sustainable business practices. One area where ESG and business impact intersect is with weather and climate risk. This climate-related risk will require collaborative efforts, sustainable practices, and proactive measures at all levels to build resilience and safeguard the well-being of communities and the planet. As weather patterns change in their severity and quantity, they are now increasingly impacting the environment, society, and ultimately, the economy. In this blog, we will explore the relationship between ESG and weather, and how they intersect in various ways.

Climate-related Risks

Climate-related risks refer to the potential hazards and vulnerabilities associated with changes in the Earth’s climate system. These risks arise from a range of interrelated factors, including global warming, extreme weather events, sea-level rise, and shifts in precipitation patterns. They pose significant challenges to human societies, ecosystems, and economies, with the potential to disrupt and undermine various aspects of life.

One of the primary climate-related risks is the increasing frequency and intensity of extreme weather events. Heatwaves, hurricanes, floods, droughts, and wildfires have become more frequent and severe in many parts of the world. These events can lead to loss of life, displacement of communities, damage to infrastructure, and disruption of essential services such as water and electricity supply. The economic costs associated with these extreme events are substantial, affecting industries like agriculture, tourism, and insurance.

Addressing climate-related risks requires a comprehensive and coordinated approach, encompassing mitigation efforts to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and adaptation strategies to enhance resilience and preparedness.

Financial Risk

Climate-related financial risks are a growing concern in the face of climate change. These risks stem from the potential impacts of climate change on the financial system, including the valuation of assets, the stability of financial institutions, and the overall functioning of markets. Such risks can have widespread and long-lasting consequences for economies and businesses.

“Central banks and financial regulators around the world recognize that climate change is a source of risk to the stability of the global financial system. They also agree that the pricing of climate-related risk with its specific challenges (including lack of relevant historical information, nonlinear nature, and long-term characteristics) is a challenge for corporations, financial institutions, and the financial markets.” says ESG Risk.

To address climate-related financial risks, there is a growing emphasis on integrating climate considerations into financial decision-making. Central banks, regulators, and financial institutions are increasingly recognizing the importance of stress testing, scenario analysis, and disclosure of climate-related risks and opportunities. Enhanced risk assessment and management practices can help guide investments towards climate-resilient and low-carbon activities, ultimately promoting financial stability and the transition to a sustainable economy.

Who Climate-related Risk Impacts

Climate-related risks have far-reaching impacts on various stakeholders, including individuals, communities, businesses, governments, and ecosystems. For individuals and households, living in areas prone to fire risk, flooding, or exposed to rising sea levels increases their vulnerability to physical risks. These individuals face the potential loss of property, displacement, and threats to personal safety during extreme weather events. They may also experience challenges in accessing basic necessities like clean water, electricity, and transportation infrastructure, thereby impacting their quality of life and well-being.

Small businesses, being more localized and often reliant on specific geographic areas, are particularly susceptible to climate-related risks. They may encounter disruptions in supply chains, damage to physical assets, loss of customers due to weather-related impacts, and increased operating costs. These risks can significantly affect their financial stability, profitability, and ability to sustain operations. 

Large businesses and organizations, operating on a broader scale, face climate-related risks in their operations, supply chains, and market dynamics. They may experience disruptions in production, distribution, and procurement due to extreme weather events or shifts in consumer demand towards more sustainable products and services. These risks can influence their market competitiveness, reputation, and long-term viability.


When it comes to weather, governance can refer to a number of things, including regulations and policies that aim to reduce the impact of weather events on the environment and society. Countries, both large and small, face climate-related risks that transcend geographic boundaries. They may experience economic losses, population displacement, and social instability due to climate impacts. Small island nations, for instance, are particularly vulnerable to sea-level rise and extreme weather events, jeopardizing their entire existence and requiring international support for adaptation and mitigation efforts.

Thomson Reuters explains that “in recent years, various frameworks have been developed to create standardization in ESG data reporting, often overlapping in their purposes. For example, the International Sustainability Standards Board seeks to define standards for investors. Prior to that, the leading framework and standard-setting organizations — the Carbon Disclosure Project, the Climate Disclosure Standard Board, the Global Reporting Initiative (GRI), and the Value Reporting Foundation (itself formed by the integration of the Sustainability Accounting Standards Board (SASB) and the International Integrated Reporting Council — provided guidance and rules to develop a comprehensive corporate reporting system with both financial accounting and sustainability disclosures.”

Governments at all levels play a crucial role in managing climate-related risks. They face challenges in providing effective disaster response, ensuring public safety, and allocating resources to mitigate and adapt to climate change impacts. Climate-related risks can strain government budgets and infrastructure, necessitating strategic planning, policy development, and coordination with other stakeholders to protect communities and foster resilience.


Climate-related risk is poised to have a significant impact on the environment, populations and their governments, making them an important area of focus for ESG issues. Because of that, Weather Source has developed a Climate Intelligence Platform (CIP) that enables businesses and organizations to address the urgent issues related to ESG and its components. The CIP uses advanced climate modeling techniques from IPCC, CMIP5, and CMIP6, and is supported by a team of climate scientists. With this platform, businesses can effectively manage climate risks and seize opportunities for years to come. 

Weather Source, along with its parent company Pelmorex Corp./The Weather Network, has extensive expertise in historical weather and current climate conditions, which allows them to build cutting-edge products and solutions. The CIP empowers businesses across all industries to understand and quantify the likelihood of weather events worldwide and serves as a key advisor for climate trends, mandates, and compliance requirements.

If you would like to learn more about our Climate Intelligence Platform and how it can benefit your organization, don’t hesitate to contact us.

Jennifer Dunn

Jennifer is the Director of Marketing and Communications for Weather Source. She is a graduate of Ohio University.

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